Heidegger - The Question Concerning Technology

ven. 14 septembre à 19:30

Café Babelmet
Bruxelles
Belgique
Bruxelles

This is a stand-alone evening and anyone is welcome to join regardless of prior studies. The selection of this text does build upon the conversation on capitalism that started at the beginning of this year within this meetup group. With thanks to Dario, who proposed this specific text, the text and some links to earlier discussion are further elaborated upon below. What is important to know beforehand is that during this session, we will look in depth into the text at hand (19 pages, notes not included, link at the end of the description). Part of the appeal this time is to have the time to really look at the written word together. You will be the best judge on whether this meetup event appeals to you. THE TEXT, TECHNOLOGY AND CAPITALISM (with thanks to Dario): In the last meetups, we seemed to agree that capitalism is not simply an economic system of production and distribution of goods, but it is really the way in which reality is manifesting itself nowadays. During the discussion on “the passions and the interests”, some made the consideration that the book was offering a history of the ethical and moral understanding of capitalism but it was not really questioning its essence philosophically. The reason to read “the question concerning technology” is that this essay offers the right way to enter that kind of questioning. “The essence of technology” - writes Heidegger – “is nothing technological”. We could come up with a simple definition like “technology is a means to an end”, and nobody could deny that this definition is correct, but correct is not what we are looking for: we are looking for the essence of technology. Heidegger shows that technology is a way of revealing, a way in which reality shows itself as meaning. So, the essence of technology belongs to the realm of revealing, i.e. truth. The way of revealing to which the essence of technology belongs is that of a “challenging”: technology is based upon a challenge to nature that make nature reveal itself as a reserve of energy that can be extracted and stored. “The forester who, in the wood, measures the felled timber and to all appearances walks the same forest path in the same way as did his grandfather is today commanded by profit-making in the lumber industry, whether he knows it or not. He is made subordinate to the orderability of cellulose, which for its part is challenged forth by the need for paper, which is then delivered to newspapers and illustrated magazines. The latter, in their turn, set public opinion to swallowing what is printed, so that a set configuration of opinion becomes available on demand”. The essence of technology, then lies in what Heidegger calls “Enframing” [Ge-stell]. Reading the essay will definitely help clarify it. In a very simplified understanding, Enframing is the configuration of the world as an orderable and identifiable through calculation. Facing this configuration, the very essence of man is in danger: if everything presents itself to man only as a standing reserve ready for use, then man himself becomes a resource or a function in the ordering process, losing then all the richness of his relationship with nature. Enframing is a large concept that has to do with our historical time. Within Enframing, there is for instance an ever present "de-distancing". Distance is progressively abolished in transport, telecommunications and ICT but nearness doesn't follow. What rules is a distanceless uniformity. This is only to give a preliminary idea of how this reading could help us make another step forward in the understanding of the essence of capitalism philosophically and at the same time, "stand-alone" or in fact in a broader sense, come to grips with that to which technology belongs. LINK TO THE TEXT: http://www.psyp.org/question_concerning_technology.pdf

Source: https://www.meetup.com/fr-FR/The-Brussels-Philosophy-Meetup/events/253616500/


Café Babelmet
Bruxelles
Belgique

Education Conférence
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